Intelligent Building Management System: All you need to know

  • Sidney Oluoch
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With the litany of complex systems and amenities of buildings today, Modern buildings require an integrated and dynamic system to manage the allocation of resources and facilitate the communication of the many systems. An intelligent Building Management System integrates different technologies to create an efficient building that is operationally resourceful, productive, and safe.

Whether you are into construction or property management, you will no doubt find this article to be a useful resource with regards Building Management Systems.

How do building management systems work?

A Building Management System is an incorporation of a gamut of technologies and accessories. A simple implementation could be as basic as a single cooling and or heating system, while high-rise BMS would integrate several administrative, business, maintenance, access control and surveillance systems, etc. It is essentially a modular solution that can be scaled up or down depending on needs.

A building management system can add significant operating costs savings to your company, while providing security to your property, resources, assets and building occupants. Typically, there are three levels of integration that control an Intelligent Building Management System:

Management level

The human interface resides herein; This level controls the entire BMS system using workstations, servers and network switches of a single room or the larger facility. The management level oversees the building together with all the accessories and equipment.

Automation level

These are the primary control devices, such as routers and controllers, that are networked through controllers with the aid of open-source communication. The automation level provides a link between the user interface and the field devices.

Field devices Level

These are the various activators and sensors that provide a quantitative measure of the status of equipment and related accessories. Field devices include temperature sensors, valves, light switches, fans, PIR detectors and much more.

Intelligent building management systems integration

An Intelligent Building Management System is only as good as its ability to integrate with other systems. Some of the fundamental integrations are;

Access and security: These are systems that link smart surveillance, access control devices and Building Management Systems to secure a facility

Maintenance management: These are systems that provide proactive, reactive, and planned maintenance of building facilities and accessories. Maintenance management systems are often incorporated into asset and resource management systems in some implementations.

Space management: integrated workplace management systems can manage churn, govern space use, determine occupancy, and manage estate portfolios.

Internet of Things (IoT): The primary basis of integrating IoT into BMS is to facilitate intelligent decision making using real-time data. IoT uses data from the various actuators and sensors throughout the building to optimize operations.


A Building Management System is the center of the nervous system of a facility and a hub that is increasingly taking centre stage in the bigger building picture. A fully integrated system saves you money and energy, provides security and gives you unprecedented convenience. What’s more, USS Building Management System offers you a complete overview of your smart buildings anytime, anywhere.

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